Vaccination-Preventable Diseases & the Vaccines Prevent Them
|Disease||Vaccine||Disease spread by||Disease symptoms||Disease complications|
|Chickenpox||Varicella vaccine protects against chickenpox.||Air, direct contact||Rash, tiredness, headache, fever||Infected blisters, bleeding disorders, encephalitis (brain swelling), pneumonia (infection in the lungs)|
|Diphtheria||DTaP* vaccine protects against diphtheria.||Air, direct contact||Sore throat, mild fever, weakness, swollen glands in neck||Swelling of the heart muscle, heart failure, coma, paralysis, death|
|Hib||Hib vaccine protects against Haemophilus influenzae type b.||Air, direct contact||May be no symptoms unless bacteria enter the blood||Meningitis (infection of the covering around the brain and spinal cord), intellectual disability, epiglottitis (life-threatening infection that can block the windpipe and lead to serious breathing problems), pneumonia (infection in the lungs), death|
|Hepatitis A||HepA vaccine protects against hepatitis A.||Direct contact, contaminated food or water||May be no symptoms, fever, stomach pain, loss of appetite, fatigue, vomiting, jaundice
(yellowing of skin and eyes), dark urine
|Liver failure, arthralgia (joint pain), kidney, pancreatic, and blood disorders|
|Hepatitis B||HepB vaccine protects against hepatitis B.||Contact with blood or body fluids||May be no symptoms, fever, headache, weakness, vomiting, jaundice (yellowing of
skin and eyes), joint pain
|Chronic liver infection, liver failure, liver cancer|
|Influenza (Flu)||Flu vaccine protects against influenza.||Air, direct contact||Fever, muscle pain, sore throat, cough, extreme fatigue||Pneumonia (infection in the lungs)
Encephalitis (brain swelling)
|Japanese Encephalitis||JEV vaccine protects against Japanese encephalitis||Mosquito bites||May be no symptoms, high fever, headache, neck stiffness, impaired mental state, coma, tremors, convulsions & paralysis||Encephalitis (brain swelling), residual neurological/psychosocial/intellectual/ physical disability, death (20-30%)|
|MMR** vaccine protects against measles.||Air, direct contact||Rash, fever, cough, runny nose, inflamed eye, white spots in mouth||Encephalitis (brain swelling), Convulsion, pneumonia (infection in the lungs), diarrhea, blindness, death|
|Meningococcal||MCV vaccine protects against meningococcal infections.||Air, direct contact||May be no symptoms, fever, headache, tiredness, muscle pain, weakness, vomiting,
Hemorrhagic rash, impaired consciousness
|Meningitis (infection of the covering around the brain and spinal cord), deafness, mental retardation, epilepsy(convulsion), other neurological disorders, death|
|MMR** vaccine protects against mumps.||Air, direct contact||Swollen salivary glands (under the jaw), fever, headache, tiredness, muscle pain||Meningitis (infection of the covering around the brain and spinal cord) , encephalitis (brain swelling), inflammation of testicles or ovaries, deafness|
|Pertussis||DTaP* vaccine protects against pertussis (whooping cough).||Air, direct contact||Severe cough, runny nose, apnea (a pause in breathing in infants)||Pneumonia (infection in the lungs), death|
|Polio||IPV vaccine protects against polio.||Air, direct contact, through the mouth||May be no symptoms, sore throat, fever, nausea, headache||Paralysis, death|
|Pneumococcal||PCV vaccine protects against pneumococcus.||Air, direct contact||May be no symptoms, fever, cough, sputum, weakness, headache||Bacteremia (blood infection), meningitis (infection of the covering around the brain and spinal cord), death|
|Rabies||Rabies vaccine protects against rabies.||Exposure through cuts in skin||Fever, excessive saliva, violent movements, uncontrolled excitement, fear of water, confusion, loss of consciousness||Meningitis (infection of the covering around the brain and spinal cord), encephalitis (brain swelling), death|
|Rotavirus||RV vaccine protects against rotavirus.||Through the mouth||Diarrhea, fever, vomiting||Diarrhoea, dehydration, death|
|Rubella||MMR** vaccine protects against rubella.||Air, direct contact||Children infected with rubella virus sometimes have a rash, fever, swollen lymph nodes||Very serious in pregnant women —can lead to miscarriage, stillbirth, premature delivery, birth defects|
protects against tetanus.
|Exposure through cuts in skin||Stiffness in neck and abdominal muscles, difficulty swallowing, muscle spasms, fever||Broken bones, breathing difficulty, death|
|Typhoid Fever||Typhoid vaccine protects against Salmonella Typhi.||Through the mouth||High fever, fatigue, weakness, stomach pains, headache, loss of appetite, rash||Serious gut bleeding, bacteraemia(blood infection), peritonitis(tummy infection), encephalitis(brain infection), pneumonia (lung infection), death|
* DTaP combines protection against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis.
** MMR combines protection against measles, mumps, and rubella.
- Infanrix-HEXA (6 in 1 vaccine) combines protection against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, Haemophilus influenzae type b, and hepatitis B.
- Infanrix-IPV-Hib (5 in 1 vaccine) combines protection against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, Haemophilus influenzae type b
- MMRV combines protection against measles, mumps, rubella and chickenpox.